Words On Birds by Steve Grinley
Bird Feeding Has Therapeutic Benefits
December 18, 2010
By Steve Grinley
In last week’s column, I suggested that bird feeders could make excellent holiday gifts. One of the reason’s people enjoy feeding the birds is the therapeutic effect that it provides. I thought that I should, therefore, repeat an earlier column explaining the therapeutic effect that bird feeding can provide:
There was an article in an issue of Birding magazine about nine years ago that addressed the therapeutic benefits of feeding birds. It focused on the residents of assisted living homes, but many of the benefits exist for all ages of folk who feed the birds in their yards. With the holidays upon us, I thought that this would be a good time to again share the highlights of that article:
In a survey of administrators of assisted living and nursing home institutions, all agreed that that their residents enjoyed watching the birds and that it had a positive effect on their residents’ morale. Most all agreed that feeding birds provided a positive therapeutic effect. All of the administrators also agreed that the bird feeding programs were good for their staff as well. Many wrote strong testimonials of the positive impact that feeding birds had at their institution.
Those that feed the birds feel they have a purpose in life which provides them self-esteem. Many were caretakers of their families all of their lives, and that void can be filled by caring for the birds. It gives residents, especially those with dementia or Alzheimer’s, a sense of pleasure to care for something. Those who have family visitors might welcome a bird feeder as a gift and birds can provide a topic of conversation during visits. Feeding and watching birds gives housebound residents a connection with the outside world and reduces isolation and depression. Sharing the birds also provides a mutual topic on which residents can converse with each other. They talk about which birds come to their window and some keep lists to gloat about with others.
Feeding and watching birds can provide physical therapy. Cleaning and filling bird feeders provides exercise for residents that may lack motivation to exercise on their own. It also helps develop motor skills. Even the simple motion of breaking bread into small pieces for the birds helps provide exercise for stiff fingers or hands. Birds provide sensory stimulation, both visual and audio. Watching birds may even provide better eye movement and increased visual field for some, such as stroke victims. Feeders outside their window may help stimulate visual mobility in an affected eye. Likewise, birds’ songs help stimulate auditory senses. At some nursing homes, residents are encouraged to sit outside and sing or whistle with the birds. It’s an activity that provides vocal exercise and helps to involve them with nature. Some assisted living homes conduct bird walks around the grounds which has great therapeutic value for those who partake.
Birds also provide a timetable or time orientation for residents. Feeding or watching birds at a certain time each day helps orient time in relation to the day. Longer time orientation is possible through the seasonality of birds. Residents know that robins arrive in the spring and leave in the fall. Some residents compete to see the first robin, catbird or redwing. The color change in goldfinches signifies seasonal changes for them as well. Orioles, hummingbirds or rose-breasted grosbeaks provide summer entertainment while juncos, tree sparrows and pine siskins provide winter pleasure.
Chances are that you have an older family member or friend in assisted living or living at home. Providing a bird feeder for them to watch and, perhaps, maintain can add joy to their life. Remember that birds are not just entertainment for them, but birds also provide many therapeutic benefits.
Rachel Carson said “There is symbolic as well as actual beauty in the migration of birds…There is something infinitely healing in the repeated refrains of nature – the assurance that dawn comes after night, and spring after the winter.” Indeed, feeding the birds has therapeutic benefit for all of us.
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